Studio Practice 2b and Techniques and Processes – Research ‘others’ – church

Following on from an intensive research exercise on the early churches of West Yorkshire, I have consulted with the WYAAS office and academic publications to look

into Christian History starting with the Anglo Saxon period investigating the churches in the WY region.

Aim: is the intention of the author to produce a book on the subject focusing on a visual narrative, archaeology and architecture.

This title has been given the name of ‘others’ as it concentrates on a list of churches which have been researched in detail but not as detailed as Bradford Cathedral, Wakefield and the Chantry Chapel, however, the compiled research is still considerably more than what is available currently to read without delving into archived information. This process takes a great deal of time, so for this list I will focus on creating a collective series of images but in the future this information will be compiled in the same labour intensive way as the main focus of churches aforementioned and will be produced via a series of books either focusing on one extensive book overall or as a series of books on individual churches.

I will be therefore be focusing on research ascertained through the amazing support I have obtained from a variety of historians and enthusiasts who share a love of the structure and symbolism of each individual church. I am indebted to them and I dedicate both my photography and my research to them with thanks. For additional reference I will be refering to Nick Mayhew-Smith’s fantastic book on ‘Britian’s Holiest Places’, as this has given me a wealth of information on Yorkshire and the UK as a whole and the websites of the churches represented here with the incredible insight of the West Yorkshire Archaeological Service.

Addingham, Yorkshire

Wulfhere (867) was the Archbishop of York who sought refuge here, so it is argued that there would have certainly been a church here at that time. This was the same year that the danes captured York and according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles ‘there was immeasurable slaughter among the Northumberians (also known as Yorkshire at the time). Syneon an 11th century monk of Durham Abbey tells how Wulfhere found refuge at ‘Hatyngham in Hweverdale, upon the bank of the River Hwerf between Otley and the Castle of Sciptun.’

Addingham is the place of the Anglo Saxon Lord Gamelbar, Gilbert Tison one of the conquerors vassals, held sway to be followed for several centuries by the Vavasours. In 1069 the north of england rebelled and William’s ruthless and efficient military machine crushed the rebellion and laid waste to the whole country north of the Humber. In the domesday book survey Ilkley, Otley and Kildwick are shown to have a church.

My research folder additionally shows an example of a ‘medieval truss’ which is where heavy rafters cross and link by a horizontal shaft which typifies a late medieval church roof indicative of West Yorkshire.

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a series of contemporary carvings with celtic influences at Addingham near the village church centre.DSC_5232 DSC_5231 DSC_5230 DSC_5229 DSC_5227 DSC_5225 DSC_5224 DSC_5223 DSC_5222 DSC_5221 DSC_5220 DSC_5218 DSC_5215 DSC_5214 DSC_5213

a trefoil design gravestoneDSC_5212 DSC_5211

celtic cross intricately carved in a twisted bandDSC_5210 DSC_5209 DSC_5208 DSC_5205 DSC_5203 DSC_5201 DSC_5200 DSC_5195Bolton Priory, Yorkshire and St Mary and St Cuthberts Church

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For symbolic reference/description to the contemporary altar at St. Mary and St. Cuthberts see research folder ‘others’DSC_5363 DSC_5397 DSC_5362 this one DSC_5361 DSC_5359 DSC_5358

Bolton Priory set in stunning countrysideDSC_5357 DSC_5349 DSC_5351

water flows under the bridge in sunlight symbolic of nature representing faithDSC_5353 DSC_5354 DSC_5356 DSC_5329 DSC_5332 DSC_5342 DSC_5343 DSC_5311 DSC_5308 DSC_5310 DSC_5347 DSC_5318 DSC_5298 DSC_5282 DSC_5284 DSC_5289 DSC_5290 DSC_5294 DSC_5281 DSC_5280 DSC_5279 DSC_5278 DSC_5276 DSC_5248 DSC_5268 DSC_5273 DSC_5274 DSC_5275 DSC_5247 DSC_5245 DSC_5244

DSC_6092 - Copy DSC_6105 - Copy DSC_6107 - Copy DSC_6135 - Copy DSC_6121 - Copy DSC_6112 - Copy DSC_6111 - Copy DSC_6109 - Copy DSC_6137 - Copy DSC_6142 - Copy DSC_6143 - Copy DSC_6148 - Copy DSC_6207 - CopyDSC_6210 - Copy DSC_6213 - Copy DSC_6265 DSC_6215 DSC_6216 DSC_6222 DSC_6221 DSC_6220 DSC_6218 DSC_6217 DSC_6223 DSC_6225 DSC_6226 DSC_6227 DSC_6230 DSC_6240 DSC_6239 DSC_6237 DSC_6235 DSC_6233DSC_6247 DSC_6246 DSC_6245 DSC_6243 DSC_6242 DSC_6249 DSC_6250 DSC_6251 DSC_6252 DSC_6254 DSC_6258 DSC_6264 DSC_6259 DSC_6256 DSC_6255

Dewsbury Minster, Yorkshire

DSC_5474 DSC_5479DSC_5408 DSC_5406 DSC_5415 DSC_5414 DSC_5413 DSC_5412 DSC_5411 DSC_5417 DSC_5418 DSC_5420 DSC_5422 DSC_5424DSC_5426 DSC_5429 DSC_5430 DSC_5432 DSC_5433 DSC_5451 DSC_5448 DSC_5446 DSC_5445 DSC_5434 DSC_5454 DSC_5456 DSC_5457 DSC_5462 DSC_5464 DSC_5472 DSC_5470 DSC_5468 DSC_5466 DSC_5465 DSC_5473 DSC_5477 DSC_5484 DSC_5504 DSC_5500 DSC_5499 DSC_5498 DSC_5492 DSC_5507 DSC_5510 DSC_5511 DSC_5513 DSC_5514 DSC_5529 DSC_5526 DSC_5523 DSC_5519 DSC_5517 DSC_5532 DSC_5533 DSC_5534 DSC_5536 DSC_5538Fountains Abbey and Studley Royal

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Ilkley, Yorkshire

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King Edwin of NorthumberiaDSC_4967 DSC_4964 DSC_4961 DSC_4960 DSC_4959

Bishop (St.) Paulinus (AD627)DSC_4975 DSC_4976 DSC_4980 DSC_4991 DSC_4994 DSC_5006 DSC_5005 DSC_4998 DSC_4997 DSC_4995 DSC_5009

doorway 13th century south porch showing dog tooth moulding

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an early piscineDSC_5190

stained glass windows are a fairly recent modern edition to the early medieval churchDSC_5191 DSC_5192Anglo Saxon Stone Crosses, Ilkley Parish Church

Ilkley Two beasts Ilkley right l cross shaft Ilkley central cross shaft Ilkley left croos shaft

Examples of Robert ”Mouseman” Thompson’s carvings in Yorkshire Churchesmouse 1 mouse church 2

Beverley Minster:

According to Mayhew-Smith (2011:372) Beverley Minster is ”England’s grandest church, with pilgrims of every description where royalty came in search of intercession.” That single statement is reason enough to make the journey to photograph and research the minster. The royalty who attended the church were Kingt Athelstan, Edward I and Henry V. Known for holding the remains of St John who was an 8th century bishop he was a friend of the Venerable Bede whom he consecrated priest in 702.

The minster is steeped in history, yet it looks so new but was in fact built in 1220 and 1400. The oldest object in the minster is a Saxon stone chair next to the altar. Fugitives could seek sanctuary for 30 to 40 days while the clergy sought to negotiate out of court settlements. St John became a monk at Whitby in attendance with the famous abbess St Hilda who was advised by St Aidan.

At the front of the nave a marbled slab was discovered in 1664 that contained the relics of the saint and workmen found a hidden vault which contained a short history of the relics dating from 1197. There is a tradition that St John struck the ground with his staff (marked in the minster) to make the water flow. St Thomas Beckett was provost here also in 1154. There is a well house marked by a willow tree close to the site that has special significance.

St. Wilfrid’s Church, Burnsall

 

 

 

 

DSC_5399 doggy woggy

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